Chemical Formula of Ascorbic Acid: Structure, Properties, Uses, and Side Effects

Chemical Formula of Ascorbic Acid - Brova

Ascorbic acid, commonly known as Vitamin C, is a vital nutrient with numerous health benefits. Its importance in maintaining overall health and preventing deficiencies has made it a staple in dietary supplements and various skincare products. This blog delves into the chemical formula, structure, properties, uses, and side effects of ascorbic acid, providing a comprehensive understanding of this essential compound. For high-quality ascorbic acid products, visit

Chemical Formula and Structure of Ascorbic Acid

Chemical Formula and IUPAC Name

The chemical formula of ascorbic acid is C6H8O6. Its IUPAC name is (5R)-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxyfuran-2(5H)-one.

Molecular Weight

The molecular weight of ascorbic acid is approximately 176.12 g/mol.


Ascorbic acid is a six-carbon lactone that is structurally related to glucose. It has a furan ring with double bonds, hydroxyl groups (-OH), and a carbonyl group (=O) which contribute to its antioxidant properties.


Ascorbic acid is highly soluble in water. The ascorbic acid solubility in water is approximately 330 grams per liter at room temperature, making it easily absorbed and utilized by the body.

Properties of Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic acid shines with a variety of properties that contribute to its properties:

Physical Properties

  • Appearance: White to slightly yellow crystalline powder
  • Melting Point: 190 to 192°C
  • Odor: Odorless
  • Taste: Sour

Chemical Properties

  • Antioxidant: Ascorbic acid is a potent antioxidant, protecting cells from damage by neutralizing free radicals.
  • Reducing Agent: It acts as a reducing agent, donating electrons in redox reactions.

Read More: Vitamin C Injection Benefits and Risks

Uses of Ascorbic Acid

Here’s a glimpse into the diverse applications of ascorbic acid:

Health and Nutrition

Ascorbic acid is essential for the synthesis of collagen, the absorption of iron, the proper functioning of the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth.

  1. Dietary Supplements: Widely used to prevent and treat Vitamin C deficiency.
  2. Food Additive: Added to foods and beverages to enhance their nutritional value and preserve freshness.


Ascorbic acid is a popular ingredient in skincare products due to its antioxidant properties and its ability to promote collagen synthesis.

  1. Anti-Aging: Reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
  2. Brightening: Helps to lighten hyperpigmentation and even skin tone.

Industrial Uses

Ascorbic acid is used in various industrial applications due to its chemical properties.

  1. Preservative: Prevents oxidation and extends the shelf life of products.
  2. Reducing Agent: Used in photographic development and water treatment processes.

Side Effects of Ascorbic Acid

While ascorbic acid is generally safe for most people, excessive intake can lead to some side effects.

Common Side Effects

  1. Gastrointestinal Issues: High doses can cause stomach cramps, nausea, and diarrhea.
  2. Kidney Stones: Excessive Vitamin C can increase the risk of developing kidney stones in susceptible individuals.

Rare Side Effects

  1. Allergic Reactions: Some people may experience allergic reactions, such as rash or hives.
  2. Iron Overload: High doses of ascorbic acid can enhance iron absorption, potentially leading to iron overload in people with conditions like hemochromatosis.


Ascorbic acid, with its myriad of uses and benefits, is an indispensable compound in both health and industry. Understanding its chemical formula, structure, properties, and potential side effects can help you make informed decisions about its use. For top-quality ascorbic acid powder and other Vitamin C products, offers a reliable source.

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